Some fragmentary verses concerning Cynic philosophy attribtued to Crates of Thebes.
The Cynic prayer attributed to the philosopher Crates of Thebes, student of Diogenes of Sinope.
The poem Invictus by William Ernest Henley.
Goethe’s Aphorisms on Nature, translated by T.H. Huxley.
Excerpts from the fifth Satire of the poet Persius, a contemporary of Seneca, which deals with his own Stoic education.
Excerpt from a Satire by the Roman poet Horace, in which he portrays his slave delivering a speech based on Stoic philosophy.
An excerpt from Lucan’s epic poem The Civil War (or Pharsalia) in which Cato the Younger delivers a speech on Stoic philosophy.
Some brief excerpts from ancient poems relating to Stoic philosophy.
Excerpts from the famous Hymn to Zeus by the Stoic philosopher Cleanthes.
The poem “Contented with Little”, by Robert Burns, which arguably exhibits Stoic and Epicurean themes.