What do the Stoic Virtues Mean?

For more information on Stoicism see my latest book How to Think Like a Roman Emperor: The Stoic Philosophy of Marcus Aurelius. The Stoics often refer to the four cardinal virtues of Greek philosophy: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.  (Or if you prefer: wisdom, morality, courage, and moderation.) We don’t know where this classification originated.  […]