Knowledge Check 3

[q_question title=”The Stoic Passions” text=”The Stoics had a system for labelling the “passions” (desires and emotions) below, and classified them as healthy or unhealthy. Sort them into the correct categories:” items=”Joy|Fear|Craving|Pain|Pleasure|Caution|Wishing” options=”Healthy|Unhealthy” answers=”1,2,2,2,2,1,1″ feedback=”This is tricky because of problems with translation. However, there are four unhealthy passions in ancient Stoic psychology: craving and fear about the future, and (emotional) pleasure and pain in the present.  There are three healthy passions: wishing is the healthy alternative to craving, caution to fear, and joy to pleasure.  There is no healthy alternative to (emotional) pain.”]

The Stoic Handbook

Sign up today for our free email course on the Stoic Handbook. You'll receive weekly emails with my commentary on passages from Epictetus.

We won't send you spam. Unsubscribe at any time. Powered by ConvertKit