Knowledge Check 3

[q_question title=”The Stoic Passions” text=”The Stoics had a system for labelling the “passions” (desires and emotions) below, and classified them as healthy or unhealthy. Sort them into the correct categories:” items=”Joy|Fear|Craving|Pain|Pleasure|Caution|Wishing” options=”Healthy|Unhealthy” answers=”1,2,2,2,2,1,1″ feedback=”This is tricky because of problems with translation. However, there are four unhealthy passions in ancient Stoic psychology: craving and fear about the future, and (emotional) pleasure and pain in the present.  There are three healthy passions: wishing is the healthy alternative to craving, caution to fear, and joy to pleasure.  There is no healthy alternative to (emotional) pain.”]

Stoic Therapy Toolkit

Mini stoic therapy cover

Five-page summary of key Stoic ideas and practices for self-improvement.

Subscribe to download my Stoic Therapy Toolkit (PDF) free of charge, and receive your email newsletter.

We won't send you spam and you can easily unsubscribe at any time. Powered by ConvertKit